How IOT is transforming Agricultural Industry Completely
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a technology that is transforming almost every part of our life. It is a wide-ranged and make people to rethink how to gather data, analyse data, and use the results to improve decision-making. Different types of AI method are widely used to solve different types of problems and to optimize the production and operation processes in the fields of agriculture and food.
Agriculture plays a vital role in the economic sector. AI in agriculture is the main concern and an emerging technique across the world. Due to immense increase in population, the demand for food and employment is also increasing. The traditional methods which were utilized by the farmers are not sufficient enough now to meet the requirements. Thus, new automated methods were introduced. New automated methods are introduced and with the introduction of these methods the food requirement is fulfilled and also the employment opportunities are given to billions of people
We can broadly divide the AI intervention areas in agriculture into the categories such as Data Collection and Analysis, Agricultural Drone, Surveillance and Image recognition, chatbot assistance to farmers, crop and seed quality selection based on farmers’ needs, workload sharing via automation, Livestock Monitoring Can Save Animals, Agricultural Drones.
Artificial intelligence has eliminated all the barriers for precision farming which is expected to change the game for farmers in assisting them to inform decisions using data intensive tools precision farming is based on the concept of AI used with IoT devices where in huge amounts of data are collected which later is turned into valuable information related to all agricultural activities.
SURVEILLANCE AND IMAGE RECOGNITION
Machine learning (ML) and AI together provide useful information on aspects such as soil, weather, what are which are crucial factors for irrigation, plantation, and harvesting. These aspects actually determine the crop yield and quality while taking care of sustainability. There are many AgriTech start up which are using AI enabled image processing to go through food quality from the beginning such startups are working very closely with food growers, processors, retailers all the food service companies along with the other stakeholders and everyone involved in the food supply chain.
CHATBOT FOR FARMERS
Globally with the help of chat bot’s farmers are being provided with interactive sessions to gain knowledge about basic crop election hybrid seed choices, seed choices as for weather condition, soil types, plant diseases, and increase the return on crops
There are more than 500 AgriTech startups in India which are providing technologies like AI and ML for enhancing India’s agricultural growth and to provide farmers with information on how to grow crops and how to sell them affordably.
Moreover, we can also say that AI-based strategies can predict market price fluctuations and give signals towards better planting and harvesting. Many AgriTech startups are helping farmers in these tough COVID-19 phase where logistics and supply chain were disrupted beyond control. As per Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), only 6% of farmers in India get benefits of Minimum Selling Prices (MSP).
It can be deduced that the implementation of AI can provide agricultural firms with a competitive edge while ensuring sustainability by reducing wastage and protecting and realigning resources.
Agricultural robots are programmed to deliver in areas such as irrigation, soil content sensing, crop monitoring, weeding, and many more. This makes farmers able to produce faster and also with less efforts. With AI-assisted drones crop monitoring, surveillance, forest fire detection becomes much easier providing a breather to farmers. As stated by the UN, by 2050, 2/3rd of the world’s population will be living in urban areas owing to which there is a requirement to relieve farmers of the burden and hence the need for AI-assisted automation to reduce risks and increase productivity.
LIVESTOCK MONITORING CAN SAVE ANIMALS
IoT provided field can use smart monitoring of their livestock. With sensors on the animals and wireless receivers around the field, owners can quickly spot livestock that may be ill. The quicker a sick animal gets separated from the rest of the herd, the possibility of spreading diseases is less. There are various tool and with help of modern AI technology, sensors are capable of determining when a pregnant cow’s water breaks. As soon as this happens, a signal notifies the rancher. Since ranchers don’t have to monitor a pregnant cow continually, they can use their time for other things and not worry about spending sleepless nights awaiting the calf’s birth.
Agricultural drones which are also ground based and air-based drones which are utilized in various agriculture activities to improve elements such as crop health assessment, irrigation, crop monitoring, crop spraying, and planting and also soil and field analysis and also gives us information about when to sow the seeds.
Farmers have started to realize that IOT devices are very essential now-a-days and is driving force and very needed in this era to increase their productivity in agricultural activities and with less efforts needed, cost effective and also to boost their sales.